New Journal Website is available at:

Published by: Kowsar

Predictors of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Patients After Cardiac Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease

Avisa Tabib 1 , Seyed Ehsan Abrishami 1 , * , Mohammad Mahdavi 1 , Hojjat Mortezaeian 1 and Ziae Totonchi 1
Authors Information
1 Heart Valve Disease Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Research in Cardiovascular Medicine: August 2016, 5 (3); e30391
  • Published Online: July 20, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 31, 2015
  • Revised: July 25, 2015
  • Accepted: September 3, 2015
  • DOI: 10.5812/cardiovascmed.30391

To Cite: Tabib A, Abrishami S E, Mahdavi M, Mortezaeian H, Totonchi Z. et al. Predictors of Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Pediatric Patients After Cardiac Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease, Res Cardiovasc Med. 2016 ;5(3):e30391. doi: 10.5812/cardiovascmed.30391.

Copyright: Copyright © 2016, Research in Cardiovascular Medicine. .
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Szekely A, Sapi E, Kiraly L, Szatmari A, Dinya E. Intraoperative and postoperative risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation after pediatric cardiac surgery. Pediatr Anesth: Curr Pract. 2006; 16(11): 1166-75[DOI]
  • 2. Marwali EM, Budiwardhana N, Sastroasmoro S, Pudjiadi A, Haas NA. Prediction model for length of intubation with assisted mechanical ventilation in pediatric heart surgery. Intensive Care Med. 2013; 16(3): 74-82
  • 3. Shi S, Zhao Z, Liu X, Shu Q, Tan L, Lin R, et al. Perioperative risk factors for prolonged mechanical ventilation following cardiac surgery in neonates and young infants. Chest. 2008; 134(4): 768-74[DOI][PubMed]
  • 4. Shu Q, Shi S, Zhang XH, Shi Z, Tan LH, Zhang ZW, et al. Risk factors of failed extubation after open-heart surgery in infants. World J Pediatr. 2005; 1(1): 72
  • 5. Ip P, Chiu CS, Cheung YF. Risk factors prolonging ventilation in young children after cardiac surgery: Impact of noninfectious pulmonary complications. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2002; 3(3): 269-74[PubMed]
  • 6. Polito A, Patorno E, Costello JM, Salvin JW, Emani SM, Rajagopal S, et al. Perioperative factors associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation after complex congenital heart surgery. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011; 12(3)-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Roodpeyma S, Hekmat M, Dordkhar M, Rafieyian S, Hashemi A. A prospective observational study of paediatric cardiac surgery outcomes in a postoperative intensive care unit in Iran. J Pak Med Assoc. 2013; 63(1): 55-9[PubMed]
  • 8. Davis S, Worley S, Mee RB, Harrison AM. Factors associated with early extubation after cardiac surgery in young children. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2004; 5(1): 63-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Harrison AM, Cox AC, Davis S, Piedmonte M, Drummond-Webb JJ, Mee RB. Failed extubation after cardiac surgery in young children: Prevalence, pathogenesis, and risk factors. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2002; 3(2): 148-52[PubMed]
  • 10. Barash PG, Lescovich F, Katz J, Talner NS, Stansel HC. Early extubation following pediatric cardiothoracic operation: A viable alternative. Ann Thorac Surg. 1980; 29(3): 228-33[DOI]
  • 11. Schuller JL, Bovill JG, Nijveld A, Patrick MR, Marcelletti C. Early extubation of the trachea after open heart surgery for congenital heart disease. A review of 3 years' experience. Br J Anaesth. 1984; 56(10): 1101-8[PubMed]
  • 12. Dunning J. A validated rule for predicting patients who require prolonged ventilation post cardiac surgery. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2003; 24(2): 270-6[DOI]
  • 13. Mittnacht AJ, Thanjan M, Srivastava S, Joashi U, Bodian C, Hossain S, et al. Extubation in the operating room after congenital heart surgery in children. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008; 136(1): 88-93[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Brown KL, Ridout DA, Goldman AP, Hoskote A, Penny DJ. Risk factors for long intensive care unit stay after cardiopulmonary bypass in children. Crit Care Med. 2003; 31(1): 28-33[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Pagowska-Klimek I, Pychynska-Pokorska M, Krajewski W, Moll JJ. Predictors of long intensive care unit stay following cardiac surgery in children. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2011; 40(1): 179-84[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Egbe AC, Nguyen K, Mittnacht AJ, Joashi U. Predictors of Intensive Care Unit Morbidity and Midterm Follow-up after Primary Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot. Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014; 47(3): 211-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 17. Davidson J, Tong S, Hancock H, Hauck A, da Cruz E, Kaufman J. Prospective validation of the vasoactive-inotropic score and correlation to short-term outcomes in neonates and infants after cardiothoracic surgery. Intensive Care Med. 2012; 38(7): 1184-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Gaies MG, Jeffries HE, Niebler RA, Pasquali SK, Donohue JE, Yu S, et al. Vasoactive-inotropic score is associated with outcome after infant cardiac surgery: an analysis from the Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium and Virtual PICU System Registries. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2014; 15(6): 529-37[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Gaies MG, Gurney JG, Yen AH, Napoli ML, Gajarski RJ, Ohye RG, et al. Vasoactive-inotropic score as a predictor of morbidity and mortality in infants after cardiopulmonary bypass. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010; 11(2): 234-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Siddiqui MM, Paras I, Jalal A. Risk factors of prolonged mechanical ventilation following open heart surgery: what has changed over the last decade? Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2012; 2(3): 192-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Monteverde E, Fernandez A, Poterala R, Vidal N, Siaba Serrate A, Castelani P, et al. Characterization of pediatric patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2011; 12(6)-91[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Traiber C, Piva JP, Fritsher CC, Garcia PC, Lago PM, Trotta EA, et al. Profile and consequences of children requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation in three Brazilian pediatric intensive care units. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2009; 10(3): 375-80[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader