New Journal Website is available at: http://www.journalonweb.com/rcm

Published by: Kowsar

Racial Differences in the Predictive Role of High Depressive Symptoms on Incident Heart Disease Over 18 Years: Results From the Health and Retirement Study

Shervin Assari 1 , 2 , * and Amanda Sonnega 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
2 Center for Research on Ethnicity, Culture and Health, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
3 Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Article information
  • Research in Cardiovascular Medicine: January 2017, 6 (1); e34767
  • Published Online: May 28, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 17, 2015
  • Revised: January 9, 2016
  • Accepted: January 21, 2016
  • DOI: 10.5812/cardiovascmed.34767

To Cite: Assari S, Sonnega A. Racial Differences in the Predictive Role of High Depressive Symptoms on Incident Heart Disease Over 18 Years: Results From the Health and Retirement Study, Res Cardiovasc Med. 2017 ;6(1):e34767. doi: 10.5812/cardiovascmed.34767.

Abstract
Copyright: Copyright © 2017, Research in Cardiovascular Medicine. .
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
References
  • 1. Kurian AK, Cardarelli KM. Racial and ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease risk factors: a systematic review. Ethn Dis. 2007; 17(1): 143-52[PubMed]
  • 2. Kochanek KD, Arias E, Anderson RN. How did cause of death contribute to racial differences in life expectancy in the United States in 2010? NCHS Data Brief. 2013; (125): 1-8[PubMed]
  • 3. Wulsin LR, Singal BM. Do depressive symptoms increase the risk for the onset of coronary disease? A systematic quantitative review. Psychosom Med. 2003; 65(2): 201-10[PubMed]
  • 4. Barth J, Schumacher M, Herrmann-Lingen C. Depression as a risk factor for mortality in patients with coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Psychosom Med. 2004; 66(6): 802-13[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Skala JA, Freedland KE, Carney RM. Coronary heart disease and depression: a review of recent mechanistic research. Can J Psychiatry. 2006; 51(12): 738-45[PubMed]
  • 6. Lewis TT, Everson-Rose SA, Colvin A, Matthews K, Bromberger JT, Sutton-Tyrrell K. Interactive effects of race and depressive symptoms on calcification in African American and white women. Psychosom Med. 2009; 71(2): 163-70[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Gilsanz P, Walter S, Tchetgen Tchetgen EJ, Patton KK, Moon JR, Capistrant BD, et al. Changes in Depressive Symptoms and Incidence of First Stroke Among Middle-Aged and Older US Adults. J Am Heart Assoc. 2015; 4(5)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Lewis TT, Guo H, Lunos S, Mendes de Leon CF, Skarupski KA, Evans DA, et al. Depressive symptoms and cardiovascular mortality in older black and white adults: evidence for a differential association by race. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2011; 4(3): 293-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 9. Capistrant BD, Gilsanz P, Moon JR, Kosheleva A, Patton KK, Glymour MM. Does the association between depressive symptoms and cardiovascular mortality risk vary by race? Evidence from the Health and Retirement Study. Ethn Dis. 2013; 23(2): 155-60[PubMed]
  • 10. Gonzalez HM, Tarraf W. Comorbid cardiovascular disease and major depression among ethnic and racial groups in the United States. Int Psychogeriatr. 2013; 25(5): 833-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 11. Williams DR, Gonzalez HM, Neighbors H, Nesse R, Abelson JM, Sweetman J, et al. Prevalence and distribution of major depressive disorder in African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites: results from the National Survey of American Life. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007; 64(3): 305-15[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Sonnega A, Faul JD, Ofstedal MB, Langa KM, Phillips JW, Weir DR. Cohort Profile: the Health and Retirement Study (HRS). Int J Epidemiol. 2014; 43(2): 576-85[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Chien S, Campbell N, Hayden Hurd M, Main M, Mallett J, Martin C, et al. RAND HRS Data Documentation, Version N 2014;
  • 14. Turvey CL, Wallace RB, Herzog R. A revised CES-D measure of depressive symptoms and a DSM-based measure of major depressive episodes in the elderly. Int Psychogeriatr. 1999; 11(2): 139-48[PubMed]
  • 15. Zivin K, Llewellyn DJ, Lang IA, Vijan S, Kabeto MU, Miller EM, et al. Depression among older adults in the United States and England. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2010; 18(11): 1036-44[DOI][PubMed]
  • 16. Dunlop DD, Song J, Lyons JS, Manheim LM, Chang RW. Racial/ethnic differences in rates of depression among preretirement adults. Am J Public Health. 2003; 93(11): 1945-52[PubMed]
  • 17. Gillum RF, Mussolino ME, Madans JH. Coronary heart disease incidence and survival in African-American women and men. The NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-up Study. Ann Intern Med. 1997; 127(2): 111-8[PubMed]
  • 18. Givens JL, Katz IR, Bellamy S, Holmes WC. Stigma and the acceptability of depression treatments among african americans and whites. J Gen Intern Med. 2007; 22(9): 1292-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 19. Fisher L, Skaff MM, Mullan JT, Arean P, Mohr D, Masharani U, et al. Clinical depression versus distress among patients with type 2 diabetes: not just a question of semantics. Diabetes Care. 2007; 30(3): 542-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 20. Rugulies R. Depression as a predictor for coronary heart disease. a review and meta-analysis. Am J Prev Med. 2002; 23(1): 51-61[PubMed]
  • 21. Assari S, Burgard S, Zivin K. Long-Term Reciprocal Associations Between Depressive Symptoms and Number of Chronic Medical Conditions: Longitudinal Support for Black–White Health Paradox. J Rac Ethn Health Disp. 2015; 2(4): 589-97[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .